Bali Coffee Plantations is a lush plantation especially for coffee varieties. Additionally, in the garden you could find other tropical plants as well as medicinal plants. Among of the the best coffee quality producer is Indonesia. Liberia, Robusta and Arabica are three types of coffee trees that can flourish in Indonesia. But now only two types are most known and consumed, they are Robusta and arabica. The garden keeper will give you more detail about this plants and you may ask them questions regarding the plantations.
Coffee is originally from Yaman and brought to Indonesia by Dutch Government in 1969 in Colonialism era. And it turns out coffee can grow well in this tropical weather. And now there are 7 types of local coffee that famous in Indonesia and mostly named by the place where they are planted like Arabic Gayo coffee in Sumatra, Kintamani Arabic coffee in Bali, Arabic Toraja coffee in Sulawesi, Ijen Arabic coffee, Liberia Rangsang Meranti coffee in Riau, Flores Bajawa Arabic coffee and Temanggung Robust coffee. Among of those types Arabic Gayo Coffee has a strong taste then followed by Arabic Bali coffee. But you may taste them and make your own opinion.
Then luwak coffee come out to the market and become the most expensive coffee commodity this time. This coffee is actually coffee beans which found in civet feces and processed into a very delicious coffee. Luwak digestive system makes the acidity of coffee beans significantly reduced and produce an exceptional coffee flavor.
The History of Luwak Coffee
The origin of Luwak coffee is tightly related to the coffee cultivation history in Indonesia. At the beginning of the 18th century, the Dutch opened commercial plantations mainly on Java and Sumatra islands. One of them is an Arabica coffee plantation with seeds brought from Yemen. In the “Forced Planting” era or Cultuurstelsel (1830-1870), the Netherlands prohibit native plantation workers to harvest coffee bean for personal consumption, but the locals want to try the famous coffee taste. Then the plantation worker finally found that there was a type of weasel or civet which like to eat coffee bean, but only the flesh of the coffee is digested, the epidermis and coffee beans are still intact and not digested and then come out with feces. Coffee beans in civet feces then collected, washed, roasted, pounded, then brewed with hot water, then luwak coffee created.
The news about the delicacy of this aromatic coffee was finally known by Dutch citizens who owned the plantations, then this coffee became a favorite drink of the rich Dutch. Because of its scarcity and unusual producing process, luwak coffee has become an expensive coffee since then.